Historicizing “Whiteness” in Eastern Europe and Russia

Place
Bucharest
Venue
Institute for Political Research, Spiru Haret 8
Host/Organizer
Catherine Baker, University of Hull; Agnieszka Kościańska, University of Warsaw; Bogdan Iacob and James Mark, University of Exeter
Date
25.06.2019 - 26.06.2019
By
James Mark

Over the last decade, issues of migration both out of and into Eastern Europe have brought questions of “whiteness” and its “defence” into the public language of the region. Populists of different political stripes have presented their countries as protectors of traditional European whiteness against a multicultural West. This is in fact quite an unusual phenomenon: race in general and whiteness in particular have for the most part been hidden discourses, absent from mainstream political or cultural thinking about the area itself. At those moments when race did come to the fore, it was often externalised as a phenomenon which adhered only to the western and/or the capitalist imperialist other.

Yet, as some have argued, whiteness has been fundamental to Eastern European history and even the very conception of the region since the 19th century. Anikó Imre referred to Eastern European nationalisms ‘unspoken insistence on their whiteness’. Some have posited a regional identity based on the in-between-ness born of a fragile or frustrated whiteness: such an identity might be allied with the privileged whiteness produced by European imperialism and the global colour line to which it gave rise, whilst also being ambivalent towards, or sometimes excluded from, the projects and institutions from which the power of whiteness has stemmed. While critical theories of race and whiteness emphasise the idea that, in Charles W. Mills’s words, ‘white supremacy was global’, eastern Europeans’ ability to fully exploit being racialised as white has arguably been more conditional, as a result of the peripheralisation of the region itself. Yet it was visits to Eastern Europe that prompted W.E.B. Du Bois to redefine his thinking about race. He observed ethnic relations in the region and understood that race problems were not only about colour.

Despite the growing number of critical histories of whiteness both on a regional and global level, there has been little academic engagement with such questions in the study of Eastern Europe, the Russian Empire and the USSR. This workshop seeks to explore the role that whiteness has played in the articulation of identities from a historical perspective – roughly from an age of high European imperialism in the mid-19th century until the present. We encourage contributions which explore the multiple conceptualisations of whiteness in national spaces, intercultural transfers and transnational impacts across the region, whether this be Central Europe, South- or North-Eastern Europe, Russia or what is now the “post-Soviet space”.

Programm

Tuesday June 25

9.15-9.30 - Welcome remarks

9.30 – 10.45 Keynote – Anikó Imre (University of Southern California):
Colorblind Nationalisms

10.45-11.00 – coffee break

11.00 – 12.40
Chair/ Discussant: Steffi Marung (University of Leipzig)
Colonialism and Imagining the Self in Eastern Europe

Monika Bobako (Adam Mickiewicz University) - White Skin, White Masks. Re-reading Frantz Fanon from Eastern European Perspective

Zoltán Ginelli (Open Society Archives) - Hungarian Indians: Racial and Anti-colonial Solidarity in Post-Trianon Hungary

Marianna Szczygielska (Max Planck Institute for the History of Science) - Engendering Wildlife and Whiteness: Elephants, Ivory and Zoos (1870s-1940s)

12.45-14.15 - lunch

14.20 – 16.00
Chair/ Discussant: Agnieszka Kościańska (University of Warsaw)
Eastern European Whiteness and the Other: Race, Religion and Gender

Kristína Čajkovičová (Museum of Romani Culture in Brno) - Shifting to the Gadžo Question: The Role of Racialized Sexuality in the Process of Czechoslovak Collectivity

Bolaji Balogun (University of Leeds) - Whiteness - A Mechanism that Sustains Polishness

Cătălin Berescu (Romanian Academy) - White Savior, Black Savior: Pro-Roma Activists in Search of an Identity

16.00-16.15 - Coffee break

16.15-17.35
Chair/ Discussant: Emily Gioielli (Missouri Western State University)
Anti-Semitism and Whiteness in Eastern Europe

Paul Hanebrink (Rutgers University – New Brunswick) - Anti-Semitism, Islamophobia, and the Anti-Communist Legacy in Contemporary Eastern Europe

Raul Carstocea (Europa Universität Flensburg) - Ambiguous Whiteness and the Anti-Semitic Imagination: Jews in Eastern Europe between Colonised and Colonisers

20.00: Film Screening Cinema Union (Ion Câmpineanu 22, Bucharest, zip-code 030167): Guardian of the Frontier (intro Catherine Baker)

Wednesday June 26

9.30-11.10
Chair/ Discussant: Monika Bobako (Adam Mickiewicz University)
Eastern European Whiteness in Global Perspective

Dušan I. Bjelić (University of Maine), Transnational Analysis of Mexico and the Balkans: Racial Formations of Nations

Catherine Baker (University of Hull), The Yugoslav Wars and Transnational White Nationalist Historical Narratives

Špela Drnovšek Zorko (University of Warwick) - Re-routing East European Socialism, Historicising Diasporic Whiteness

11.15-11.30 – coffee break

11.30-13.10
Chair/ Discussant: Kristin Roth-Ey (University College of London)
Socialism as Ambivalent Whiteness

Irina Novikova (University of Latvia) - ‘White Gaze’ in the USSR? – ‘Race’ and Technology in the Soviet Films of the 1920s-1960s (from Lev Kuleshov to Mark Donskoi)

Zsuzsanna Varga (Central European University) - Hungarians and White Privilege in Africa: The World Hunting Expo of 1971

James Mark (University of Exeter) - A Revolution of Whiteness? 1989 and the Politics of Race

13.10-14.40 – lunch

14.45-16.25
Chair/ Discussant: Ivan Kalmar (University of Toronto)
Liminality, Post-Socialism, and Eastern European Whiteness

Bogdan G. Popa (University of Cambridge) - “We Belong to a Great Race, the Dacian Race”: Slavery and the Construction of an Anti-colonial White Race in Romanian Historiography

Chelsi West Ohueri (University of Texas at Austin) - The Jevg Factor: An Exploration of Whiteness, Blackness, and Racialized Identities in Albania

Kasia Narkowicz (University of Gloucestershire) - The ‘Muselmanner’ as the Ultimate Other

16.25-16.40 - break

16.40-17.15 – Concluding roundtable

20.00 – Film Screening Cinema Union (Ion Câmpineanu 22, Bucharest, zip-code 030167): Oktyabr and Rostov-Luanda (intro Kristin Roth-Ey)

Kontakt

Bogdan Iacob
I.Bogdan-Cristian@exeter.ac.uk

Citation
Historicizing “Whiteness” in Eastern Europe and Russia, 25.06.2019 – 26.06.2019 Bucharest, in: Connections. A Journal for Historians and Area Specialists, 18.05.2019, <www.connections.clio-online.net/event/id/termine-40346>.