A Century of Internationalisms: The Promise and Legacies of the League of Nations

Place
Lisbon
Venue
National Library of Portugal and ISCTE-IUL
Host/Organizer
Aurora Almada e Santos, Cristina Rodrigues, Pedro Aires Oliveira, Yvette Santos, IHC – NOVA FCSH; Bruno Cardoso Reis, ISCTE-IUL; João Paulo Avelãs Nunes, CEIS20 – University of Coimbra
Date
18.09.2019 - 20.09.2019
By
Aurora Almada e Santos

This international conference aims to contribute to renew the interest and improve the knowledge of the League of Nations (LoN) and its impact in this last century marked by strong waves of internationalism and globalization, but also of crisis and nationalist reactions.

A multilateral institution such as the LoN is the ideal object for a truly global and connected history that goes beyond national historiographical traditions. That is what we intend to do with this conference, through presentations on these themes by 65 speakers affiliated with 60 institutions from 18 different countries.

The death toll of millions in World War I (1914-1918) led to an effort at the 1919 Paris peace conference to design a new international order with new norms and institutions. The creation in 1920 of the first permanent multilateral organization in the form of the League of Nations, the direct predecessor of the UN, was the most ambitious and controversial result of this effort. Although the LoN eventually failed to achieve its main goal of preventing a World War II, it did imprint, and does help to better understand the multiple dimensions of global life in the two decades of its existence. Many of these issues, which will be dealt with in the different panels of this conference, continued to be of great relevance up to today: from refugees to gender issues, from empires to their complex legacies, from territorial conflicts to terrorism, from workers’ rights to global financial system.

Programm

18 September - National Library of Portugal

14:30—15:00 Welcome remarks

Maria Inês Cordeiro, Director of the National Library of Portugal. Representative from the Portuguese Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Pedro Aires Oliveira, Institute of Contemporary History of the Universidade NOVA de Lisboa — IHC–NOVA FCSH (on behalf of the organizing committee)

15:00—17:15 Round table: The League of Nations: history and legacies

Patricia Clavin (University of Oxford), Patrick Finney (Aberystwyth University)

Philippe Rygiel (École Normale Supérieure de Lyon), Rui Tavares* (CEI—ISCTE-IUL)

17:30—18:15 Presentation of LoN archival projects

Colin Wells (United Nations Library at Geneva): The League of Nations Goes Digital: New Opportunities for Research in the League of Nations Archives

Margarida Lages (Archive and Library of the Diplomatic Institute of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Portugal — IDI-MNE) & Helena Pinto Janeiro (Diplomatic Institute of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Portugal — IDI-MNE and Institute of Contemporary History of the Universidade NOVA de Lisboa — IHC– NOVA FCSH): Mapping out the League of Nations in Portugal

18:30 Port wine tasting (to be confirmed)

19 September - ISCTE-IUL

09:00—09:40 Keynote address
Nicholas Werth (CNRS): L'URSS à Genève, 1934-1939

09:40—11:20 Parallel sessions

Session 1 The LoN: institutional dimensions

Katja Naumann (Leibniz Institute for the History and Culture of Eastern Europe — GWZO & Leipzig University): Empowering the League of Nations: Postimperial Transformations in Eastern Europe and Trans-national Agency in The League’s Secretariat

Karen Gram-Skjoldager (Aarhus University): An Institution in the Making. A Sociological Exploration of the League of Nations Secretariat 1919-46

Torsten Kahlert (Aarhus University & Humboldt University of Berlin): Inventors of International Bureaucracy. Prosopography of International Civil Servants of the League of Nations Secretariat

Session 2 The LoN and technical cooperation

Paul Weinbaum (Duquesne University Pittsburgh): Epidemics, Politics and Public Health, Ludwik Rajchman MD, The League of Nations Health Organization and the Creation of a Transnational Health Organization

Quintino Lopes (Institute of Contemporary History of the University of Évora — IHC– University of Évora): Science and Diplomacy in the 1930s: the [Portuguese] National Education Board and the League of Nations

David Petruccelli (Dartmouth College): The League of Nations and the Making of the Illiberal International Order

Session 3 LoN, refugees and the minorities question

The League of Nations and the Congress of European Nationalities: A Tale of Mutual Disappointment

David J. Smith (University of Glasgow): Talking Past Each Other. Minority Rights and the Differing Statehood Conceptions of the ENC and the League’

Marina Germane (University of Glasgow): ‘The Two Great Minorities of 1918’: Germans and Jews at the Congress of European Nationalities (1925-1933)

Oskar Mulej (Austrian Academy of Sciences): The German Nationalist Subversion of the ENC, 1933-1938

Timo Aava (Austrian Academy of Sciences & University of Vienna): Mikhail Kurchinskii’s International Minority Activism in the ENC, 1925-1939

11:20—11:40 Coffee-break

11:40—13:00 Parallel sessions

Session 1 Women and the LoN

Dagmar Wernitznig (University of Ljubljana): ‘In the Antechambers of Power’: Women and Women’s Roles in the League of Nations

Sara Ercolani (University of Bologna): The Fight against the Traffic of Women and Minors before and within the League of Nations: A Path to Legitimacy for the European Civil Society

Nova Robinson (Seattle University): The Committee of Experts on the Legal Status of Women and Measuring the Status of “All the World’s Women”

Session 2 The LoN and international security

Joseph A. Maiolo (King’s College London): The League of Nations, the Problem of Raw Materials and the Crisis of World Order in the 1930s

David Ekbladh (Tufts University): Plowshares into Swords: The League as an Instrument of War

13:00—14:30 Lunch

14:30—15:10 | Keynote address
Philippe Rygiel (École Normale Supérieure de Lyon): Dreaming of a forum? International legal conversations on the society of nations in the pre-1914 world

15:10—16:30 Parallel sessions

Session 1 The US and LoN

Geert Van Goethem (Institute of Social History & Ghent University): Sidelined: International Social Policy and the American Architects of a New World Order (1941-1943)

Ross A. Kennedy (Illinois State University): A Commitment to Judge: Woodrow Wilson’s Conception of Collective Security under the League of Nations

Session 2 Regional perspectives on the LoN

Carolin Liebish-Gümüs (Kiel University): Turkish Nation Building Through the Lens of the League of Nations

Jesús Manuel Bermejo Roldán (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia - Madrid): Comparative analysis of the integration and performance of the two of the two small Iberian powers in the League of Nations (1919-1939)

Andrei Mamolea (SSHRC Fellow at McGill University's Faculty of Law): Escaping Washington’s Tutelage: Latin America at the League of Nations

16:30—16:50 Coffee-break

16:50—18:30 Parallel sessions

Session 1 Social issues and the LoN

Natali Stegmann (Universität Regensburg): Social Rights and Conceptions of Peace in an East Central European Perceptive

Lorella Tosone & Angela Villani (University of Perugia & University of Messina): Food and Population: Legacies of the international Debate on Global Issues from the League of Nations to the UN

Tommaso Milani (Balliol College): The Politics of Membership: Harold B. Butler, the United States, Italy, and the Transformation of the ILO, 1932-1939 ca.

Session 2 Cultural approaches

Carolyn Biltoft (Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Switzerland): Decoding the Balance Sheet: Material Objects, Symbolic Capital and the Liquidation of the League of Nations

Sebastian M. Spitra (University of Vienna & University of Michigan Law School, Ann Arbor): Constructing International Community within the League of Nations: The Ambivalent Case of Cultural Heritage

Ilaria Scaglia (Aston University): Feeling the League of Nations: A Perspective from the History of Emotions

20 September - ISCTE-IUL

09:00—09:40 Keynote address

Patricia Clavin (University of Oxford): Britain, Security, and the League of Nations

09:40—11:20 Parallel sessions

Session 1 The Mandate system and Empires

Thomas Gidney (Institute of International and Development Studies, Switzerland): 'An Anomaly Among Anomalies': Colonial Member States at the League of Nations

Kate Burlingham (California State University): From Hearing to Heresy: Angola, The Ross Report, and the League of Nations’ Temporary Slavery Commission

Jelmer Vos (University of Glasgow): The League of Nations and the Discourse of ‘New Slaveries’ in Africa, 1900-2000

Gavan Duffy (National University of Ireland – Galway): “The Obligation to Work [is] Recognised in all Civilised Nations" [1] The Permanent Mandates Commission and Labour Issues in the British Empire C mandates 1920-1926

Session 2 Women and the LoN

Rebecca Shriver (Missouri Southern State University): Europe’s Threat to the League: WILPF’s Debate over European Integration and Protecting the League of Nations, 1923- 1933

Marie-Michèle Doucet (Royal Military College of Canada): The Women of the World Want to Disarm: The League of Nation and the Disarmament Questions in the early 1930s

Andrew M. Johnston (Carleton University): “A little child, born of dissipated parents”: The Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom’s Feminist Critique of the League of Nations, 1919-1924

Session 3 The LoN: institutional dimensions

Martin Bemmann (University of Freiburg): The League and the World. How and Why the League’s Economic Intelligence Service Shaped the Statistical Image of the World Economy

Hannah Tyler (University of Lausanne): Show Me The Money: The Financial Structure of The League of Nations Between 1920 and 1933

11:20—11:40 Coffee-break

11:40—13:00 Parallel sessions

Session 1 The LoN and international security

Charlotte Lydia Riley (University of Southampton): No Peace Apart from International Security: British Pacifist Thinking and the League of Nations

Thomas W. Bottelier & Nicholas Mulder (Erasmus University Rotterdam & King's College London & Columbia University): Not Appeasement but Internationalism: A New Look at Non-Intervention in the Spanish Civil War

Rob Konkel (Princeton University): The League’s Raw Materials Problem: Metallic Minerals, Trading Blocs, and the Limits of Internationalism in the Age of Disequilibrium

Session 2 Refugees and Humanitarianism

Tomás Irish (Swansea University): The “Moral Basis” of Reconstruction: The League of Nations and Intellectual Relief in the Aftermath of the Great War

Hazuki Tate (Musashi University): Cooperation and Competition between the League of Nations and the Red Cross Movement in their First Humanitarian Activities in the Post-War World

13:00—14:30 Lunch

14:30—15:10 Keynote address
Patrick Finney (Aberystwyth University): Aberystwyth and the League Experiment

15:10—16:30 Parallel sessions

Session 1 The LoN and anti-imperialism/anti-imperialist movements

Michele L. Louro (Salem State University): The Search for a “Real” League of Nations: The League against Imperialism and Alternative Histories of Interwar Internationalism

Dolf-Alexander Neuhaus (Free University Berlin): Betraying Asia: Criticisms of the League of Nations in Colonial East Asia, 1919 – 1926

Reem Bailony (Agnes Scott College): Competing Internationalisms and the Syrian Revolt of 1925

Session 2 LoN and the “New Diplomacy”/Open or Public Diplomacy

Erik Koenen, Arne L. Gellrich & Stefanie Averbeck-Lietz (University of Bremen): The League of Nations “Open Diplomacy”-Strategy for a New Information Order

Pelle Van Dijk (European University Institute): Influencing Indian Public Opinion: The League of Nations’ Bombay Office

Michael Auwers (University of Antwerp): “Ces dangereux moyens de pacifier l’Europe”. On the Strained Relationship between Professional Diplomats and the League of Nations

16:30—16:50 Coffee-break

16:50—18:20 Parallel sessions

Session 1 The LoN and Non-State Actors

Sarah Shields (University of North Carolina): The League of Nations, Non-State Actors, and the Challenges of Intervention

Anne-Isabelle Richard (Leiden University): The International Federation of League of Nations Societies

Jan Stöckmann (University of Oxford): The Architects of International Relations: Academia and Diplomacy at the League of Nations

Session 2 The LoN and the Clash of Ideologies

Marco Moraes (Oxford University): Competing Internationalisms at the League of Nations Secretariat: Liberals and Fascists Creating and Challenging the International, 1919-1946

João Arsénio Nunes (ISCTE-IUL): The Comintern and the League of Nations

Martin Beddeleem & Hagen Schulz-Forberg (Aarhus University): Intellectual Cooperation at the League of Nations: A Cradle for Neoliberalism?

18:20 Closing session

Kontakt

Aurora Almada e Santos
IHC-UNL, Av. Berna, 26 C
1069-061 LISBOA

sdnconferencialisboa@gmail.com

Citation
A Century of Internationalisms: The Promise and Legacies of the League of Nations, 18.09.2019 – 20.09.2019 Lisbon, in: Connections. A Journal for Historians and Area Specialists, 01.09.2019, <www.connections.clio-online.net/event/id/termine-41048>.
Editors Information
Published on
01.09.2019