Despite the nationalist character of fascism, research in the last decade has highlighted the transnational and international dimensions of fascist regimes, movements and individuals in the interwar period and the Second World War. This has led to a proliferation of case studies on concrete international cooperation in fields such as social policies, economics, culture, leisure, science and technocracy. Such research has revealed connections between ‘liberal’ and ‘illiberal’ internationalism including fascist internationalist aspirations and activities. For some fascists, the aim was less to install a new international system than to dominate the already existing organizations in the area of politics, culture and infrastructures. The interwar and war periods saw multiple attempts at creating international fascist epistemic communities – after 1936, these were often headed by German-Italian duos. This Axis show of strength was supported by both regimes. Before and during the war, fascist movements from smaller countries as well as right-wing regimes and intellectuals partly joined these international structures and used them as platforms to negotiate their dependence and independence from the fascist regimes. This shows the omnipresent tension of nationalist interest within the internationalist endeavors of fascists.
We invite proposals for contributions on the following questions (among others):
- Which actors were involved in the transnational networks? What were their motivations and goals?
- How was international fascism organized? Which structures were used or newly built? Which institutions were upheld, which were adapted?
- Which contents were discussed within the fascist internationalist communities (and which were not)? Which concrete activities resulted from this cooperation?
- How were questions of nationalism, racism and exclusion negotiated in fascist international cooperation? Which role did tensions and asymmetrical power relationships play?
- Which notions were essential to international fascism, and how were they constructed?
The workshop is planned to take place in Berlin. We can offer financial support for accommodation and travel expenses for a limited number of participants. Interested applicants who cannot benefit financially from their sending institution should state this clearly in their paper proposals. If unforeseen developments related to the COVID-19 pandemic prevents an on-site meeting, we will provide an alternative online format.
Please send your abstracts (500 words) and a short CV to email@example.com by May 16th, 2021. Notification of acceptance will be announced on June 20th, 2021. In case of acceptance, we ask every participant to provide a short paper (5000 words) beforehand (deadline: September 30th, 2021).