Empires of Religion

UCD Global Irish Institute
Belfield campus
Dublin, Ireland
From - Until
20.06.2006 - 21.06.2006
Carey, Hilary

Religion has traditionally accompanied the expansion, and the overthrow, of empires but it is sometimes argued that religion was of little consequence to the British Empire. Yet, absent-mindedly perhaps, British religious cultures were seeded around the globe in the course of empire so that they endure as some of its most abiding artefacts, particularly in its settler societies of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa. Attempts to establish Anglicanism as the faith of the empire and missionary efforts to propagate Christianity among native peoples are only part of this complex religious story.

From the Catholic metropole in Dublin, Irish Catholicism expanded prodigiously. English and Welsh nonconformity, Scottish and Irish Presbyterianism, Orthodox Judaism, and even esoteric faiths such as Theosophy and Spiritualism all have significant, and little researched, imperial histories. There are many parallels between patterns of religious development in Britain and in some of the settler colonies: for instance the strength of Evangelicalism in the nineteenth century and of the social gospel in the early twentieth; the decline of Protestant church-going from around 1890, contrasted with continuing high levels of Catholic practice; the religious boom of the 1950s and the bust in the 1960s; and, most recently, the resurgence in Evangelicalism and Pentecostalism.

This conference will consider the many ways in which religion served, thwarted, transformed, mitigated and reinforced the bonds of empire in the colonised world during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. We hope to attract speakers who will consider local colonial and metropolitan religious communities and bring together researchers addressing similar issues in different parts of the imagined British Empire.


TUESDAY, JUNE 20, 2006
8:30 am - 4:00 pm Registration
9:30 am - 10:30 am Plenary Keynote: Anne O'Brien: Saving 'the empty North': religion and empire in Australia
10:30 am - 11:00 am Coffee and Tea
11:00 am - 12:30 pm A1 Irish Catholicism and Empire/ B1 NZ and Australia
12:30 pm - 2:00 pm Lunch (UCD restaurants)
2:00 pm - 3:30 pm A2 Anti-Catholicism and Anti-imperialism/ B2 Image, art and empire
3:30 pm - 4:00 pm Afternoon Break
4:00 pm - 5:30 pm A3 Missions and service/ B3 French and Welsh
6:00- 7:00 pm Plenary Keynote: Catherine Hall: An Empire of God or of Man? The Macaulays, father and son
From 7:30 pm Conference Dinner: Radisson Hotel, Stillorgan Rd Belfield

9:30 am - 10:30 am Plenary: John Mackenzie: Making Black Scotsmen and women?' Scotland, Scottish missions and the eastern Cape Colony in the nineteenth century
10:30 am - 11:00 am Coffee and Tea
11:00 am - 12:30 pm A4 Children and Empire/ B4 Greece and Sexual politics
12:30 pm - 1:30 pm Lunch (UCD restaurants)
2:00 pm - 3:30 pm A5 Ireland and Australia/ B5 Gender, medicine and mission
3:30 pm - 4:00 pm Afternoon Break
4:00 pm - 5:30 pm A6 New Zealand and Pacific/ B6 Africa

* Hall, Catherine, University College London, An Empire of God or of Man? The Macaulays, father and son.
* Mackenzie, John, University of Aberdeen, St Andrews, Making Black Scotsmen and women? Scotland, Scottish missions and the eastern Cape Colony in the nineteenth century
* O'Brien, Anne, University of New South Wales, Saving 'the empty North': religion and empire in Australia

A1 Tues. 20 June. 11:00-12:30. Irish Catholicism and Empire
Ó hAnnracháin, Tadgh University College Dublin, The consolidation of Irish catholicism within a hostile imperial framework: a comparative perspective, A1
White, Timothy, Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH, Irish Catholicism and the British Empire: Repression and Re-emergence, A1
Bateman, Fiona, NUI, Galway, Ireland's Spiritual Empire: The discourse of Irish Catholic missionaries in the 20th century, A1

A2 Tues. 20 June. 2:00-3:30. Anti-Catholicism and Anti-Colonialism
Wolffe, John, The Open University, UK, Anti-Catholicism and the British Empire 1815-1914, A2
Fitzpatrick, David, Trinity College Dublin, Orangeism and Empire, A2
Howe, Stephen, University of Bristol, Anti-colonialism and Religion in Britain, A2

A3 Tues. 20 June. 4:00-5:30. Missions and Service
Barringer, Terry and Weber, Charles, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London and Wheaton College (Illinois), 'A kind of missionary service too': British Colonial Service reactions to Missionaries and vice-versa, A3
Brouwer, Ruth Compton , University of Western Ontario, Canada, Canadian Protestant Missions to the Mid-Twentieth Century: British-American Models, Ecumenical Affinities, Long-Term Legacies, A3
Breitenbach. Esther, University of Edinburgh, The Scottish Presbyterian foreign mission movement: religious discourses and attitudes to empire, A3

A4 Wed. 21 June. 11:00-12:30. Children and Empire
Swain, Shurlee, Australian Catholic University, ‘It's jist sich a work as Jesus likes on the earth to see;-Look at His words on the walls, sir- 'Let the little ones come unto Me'. Images of Empire in the international child rescue movement 1850-1915, A4
Welch, Christina, University of Winchester, UK, Educating the Empire's wards; training the children of colonized people, A4
Cousins, Mel, Oxford Brookes University, Registration of the Religion of Children Under the Irish Poor Law, 1838-70, A4

A5 Wed. 21 June. 2:00-3:30 pm. Australia
Naughtin, Pat, University of Melbourne, Defending Nation and Faith within the Empire: A Study of the Irish Home Rule Leadership in Victoria between 1880 and 1916, A5
Carey, Hilary, University College Dublin, Clerical Immigration to Colonial Australia, A5
Cunich Peter, University of Hong Kong, A Contested History of Empire: the English Benedictines and the Australian Mission, 1832-1883, A5
MacGinley, Rosa, Australian Catholic University, Irish Women Religious in 19th century Australia and their Convent High Schools, A5

A6 Wed. 21 June. 4:00-5:30. New Zealand and the Pacific
Morrison, Hugh, University of Waikato, New Zealand, 'But we are concerned with a greater Imperium': the New Zealand Protestant missionary movement and the British Empire, 1870-1930, A6
Clayworth, Peter, New Zealand Department of Conservation, The Children of Noah in the South Seas: Richard Taylor and the Origins of the Polynesians, A6
Twells, Alison, Sheffield Hallam University, UK, Missionary fathers and wayward sons in the South Pacific, 1797-1840: brethrenship, paternalism, missions and empire, A6

B1 Tues. 20 June. 11:00-12:30 New Zealand and Australia
Gilfedder, Deirdre, Université de Paris-Dauphine., Whose dead? Imperial citizenship and religious sectarianism in Australia during the First World War, B1
Breathnach, Ciara, University of Limerick, The New Zealand Tablet: an Irish political mouthpiece in the Antipodes 1873-1880, B1
Cappuccio, Richard, Townsend Harris High School at Queens College (CUNY), Katherine Mansfield's Missionary Vision in New Zealand, B1

B2 Tues. 20 June. 2:00-3:30. Image, art and empire
Miller, Jon, Center for Religion and Civic Culture, University of Southern California, Capturing the Visual Traces of Historical Change: The Internet Mission Photography Archive, B2
Seah, Su-Lyn, University of Cambridge, For God or Country? Church Building in the British Empire, B2
McCormack, Bill, Edward Worth Library, Yeats's Theosophy and his Politics of Empire, B2

B3 Tues. 20 June. 4:00-5:30 French and Welsh Empire and Anti-Empires
Crowley, Mark J., Cardiff University, The 'Treachery of the Blue Books' and Nonconformist anti-imperialist attitudes in nineteenth-century Wales, B3
White, Benjamin, University of Edinburgh, Religion and imperial rule in French mandate Syria, B3
Taithe, Bertrand, University of Manchester, Imperialism, Humanitarianism and the Catholic Church: Algeria 1866-c.1930, B3

B4 Wed. 21 June. 11:00-12:30. Greece and empires of sexual politics
Willett, Graham, University of Melbourne, The British World, its Churches and its Homosexuals, 1945-1970, B4
Fairey, Jack, Princeton University, Orthodoxy, Incest, and the British Empire: The Case of Patriarch Grigorios and the Ionian Islands, B4
Lerounis, Constantine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Missionaries in Greece and the Imagined British Empire, B4

B5 Wed. 21 June. 2:00-3:30. Gender, medicine and mission
Manton, John, Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine, University of Oxford, Christian missionaries and the politics of colonial leprosy control: the case of Nigeria, 1926-1960, B5
Prevost, Elizabeth E, Grinnell College, IA, The Mothers' Union in Africa and the Globalization of Anglican Womanhood, 1900-1930, B5
McAleer, John, British Empire & Commonwealth Museum, Bristol, 'The sharer of my joys and sorrows': Alison Blyth, Missionary labours and female perspectives on slavery in the mid-nineteenth century Caribbean, B5

B6 Wed. 21 June. 4:00-5:30. Africa
Stuart, John, Kings College London, The Impact of the Seretse Khama Controversy, B6
Barnes, Andrew E., Arizona State University, Faith and Patriotism: British Missionaries and the Challenge to Government Religious Policies in Colonial Northern Nigeria 1900-1960, B6
Jerónimo, Miguel Bandeira, King's College, London, Religion and Politics in Portuguese West Africa: The ‘Congo Question’ (1865-1890), B6

Contact (announcement)

Professor Hilary Carey,
University College Dublin :
Tel: +353 1 716 8354
Fax: 353 1 716 8602;
email: hilary.carey@ucd.ie

Professor Hugh McLeod
University of Birmingham
Tel: +44 121 41 45665
email: D.H.McLeod@bham.ac.uk